Monday, October 13, 2008

Dynamic, Object Oriented and Versatile Language: Python

Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language developed by Guidovan Rossum,that can be used for many kinds of software development. It offers strong support for integration with other languages and tools, comes with extensive standard libraries and can be learned in a few days. Many Python programmers report substantial productivity gains and feel the language encourages the development of higher quality, more maintainable code.

It runs on Windows, Linux/Unix, Mac OS X, OS/2, Amiga etc. Python has also been ported to the Java and .NET virtual machines. Python is distributed under an OSI-approved open source license that makes it free to use, even for commercial products. Python is a programming language dynamically typed with very high level data structures.

It features some distinct qualities that makes it a dynamic language :

  1. Python supports for multiple paradigms like object oriented programming, functional programming or iterative programming. White spaces in the Python programming language makes code easy to read.

  2. List, dictionary and sets are build in data types which allow very high levels of abstraction in a language like python.

  3. Functions are firsts class objects which means they can be used like any other variable. This, with other functions like map, filter and reduce provides functional programming.

  4. It is dynamically typed i. e. variables do not have any type in the python programming language.

  5. High level data structures along with dynamic typing make rapid prototyping a breeze in Python

  6. It believes in the philosophy of batteries included. This means that a large number of libraries are provided with python making programs written in python much shorter that in other languages.

  7. The number of keywords in the python language are very limited. This makes it an easy language to learn for beginners. The core of the language is kept very small and functionalities are provided by other modules.
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